Sunday, March 13, 2011

Type 31: Eros with Aphrodite Holding her Clothing with One Hand

Bernhart's next type is of Aphrodite semi-clothed and spreading out her hair with both hands. Note that this is not yet the famous type of Aphrodite Anadyomene—the Anadyomene is naked, whereas this Aphrodite is bare only to the waist. These coins are quite scarce (illustrated, right, is a little semi-autonomous Æ from Apameia in Phrygia).
A rather more frequently occurring motif on provincial coins is that in which Aphrodite holds her hair with only one hand, while using the other one to hold up her garment, as in the coin (illustrated right) of Lucilla from Syedra in Cilicia.
The statue (illustrated left) is from the Royal Collection in the Łazienki Palace in Warsaw).
On most of these issues Aphrodite is unattended, but there are a few which include an attendant Eros, namely coins from Magydus and Perga in Pamphylia, and Cremna, Sagalassus and Selge in Pisidia; also (with slightly different reverse motifs) Hadrianopolis in Thracia and Trapezopolis in Caria. Coins of Perperene (Mysia) and Mastaura (Lydia) described by Mionnet might also belong to this type.









Hadrianopolis in Thracia, coins of Julia Domna (illustration) with a variant reverse motif—Aphrodite is holding up her garment with one hand, but holding out an apple with the other, to her right is Eros, to her left a dolphin swimming downwards. Varbanov misreads the dolphin as a Pitos” (sic), an earthenware storage jar (πιθος).

Æ 22, 1 h, 5.80 g. Obv. IOYΛIA ΔOMNA CEB. Draped bust of Julia Domna r. Rev. AΔPIANOΠOΛEITΩN. As described above.

There are also scarce coins of Julia Domna without these two accompanying figures (illustration) (Varbanov 3434).

Magydus in Pamphylia, coins of Septimius Severus, Julia Domna, Macrinus and Julia Paula.

Perga in Pamphylia, coins, of Lucius Verus, Julia Domna and Maximus (illustration), on which Eros rides on a dolphin next to the figure of Aphrodite, who is naked to the waist and holds her r. to her hair and her garment with her l.

Æ 26, 1 h, 11.42 g. Obv. K Γ IOY • OYH MAΞIMON (sic) • EY • CE. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Maximus Caesar r. Rev. ΠEPΓAIΩN. As described above. 

Cremna in Pisidia, coins of Julia Mamaea (illustration).

Æ 19, 3.53 g. Obv. IVL MAMEAM (sic) [A]V[G]. Draped bust of Julia Mamaea r. Rev. VEN COL CRE. Venus in standard pose, to l. an uncertain figure that is probably a seated Eros (on a dolphin?) (Photos courtesy of Münzen & Medaillen GmbH).

Sagalassus in Pisidia, a coin of Severus Alexander.

Selge in Pisidia, coins of Aemilian and Commodus.

Trapezopolis in Caria, coins with obverse type of Boulé and a variant reverse motif—Aphrodite has one hand to her hair, but with the other is embracing Eros.

Perperene in Mysia, a coin of Commodus (details of the reverse type not confirmed).

Mastaura in Lydia, a coin of Otacilia Severa (details of the reverse type not confirmed).



Corpus

Hadrianopolis / Julia Domna
References: Varbanov 3413; Jurukova 229; Moushmov 2597, wrongly described as Domna standing between two girls (two children), holding globe 
Rarity: RRR

Magydus / Septimius Severus
Previously unpublished?
Rarity: RRR

Magydus / Julia Domna
References: Imhoof-Blumer, Kleinasiatische Münzen, 2; Bernhart, Aphrodite, 207; SNG von Aulock 4540 
Rarity: RRR

Magydus / Macrinus
References: Bernhart, Aphrodite, 208; SNG France 3, 0311
Rarity: RRR

Magydus / Julia Paula
Reference: SNG von Aulock 4640
Rarity: RRR

Perga / Lucius Verus
References: RPC IV, 4953; BMC 30
Rarity: RRR

Perga / Julia Domna
References: Bernhart, Aphrodite, 214; SNG Pfalz 318
Rarity: RRR

Perga / Maximus
Reference: SNG Pfalz 368 
Rarity: RRR

Cremna / Julia Mamaea 
Reference: von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Pisidiens II, 1336
Rarity: RR

Sagalassus / Severus Alexander
References: Bernhart, Aphrodite, 204; SNG France 3, 1811 
Rarity: RRR

Selge / Commodus
Reference: RPC IV, 9732 
Rarity: RRR

Selge / Aemilian 
Previously unpublished?
Rarity: RRR

Trapezopolis / Boulé
References: Bernhart, Aphrodite, 222; ANS 1991.54.2 
Rarity: RR

Perperene / Commodus [?]
Reference: Mionnet Supplement V, 1212
Rarity: RRR (if genuine)

Mastaura / Otacilia Severa [?]
Reference: Mionnet Supplement IV, 477
Rarity: RRR (if genuine)





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