Eros appears on Roman provincial coins as an element of many different reverse types—as a single figure or with other Erotes, with his “girlfriend” Psyche, accompanying Aphrodite or other deities, with a favoured animal like a dolphin or lion, or as part of a more complex tableau like the story of Hero and Leander or the so-called Rape of Persephone. In these notes we describe and discuss the different types. For a systematic arrangement of the material, see the Blog Archive.
Sunday, March 13, 2011
Type 38: Eros with Aphrodite Riding
Aphrodite is represented on coins riding on a number of different animals: a bull, a swan, a goat, and (accompanied by Eros or Erotes, on coins of two Bithynian cities, Apameia and Bithynium-Claudiopolis) a dolphin, and the fabulous hippocamp, a mixture of horse and fish.
* Apameia in Bithynia, coins of Julia Domna (illustration of reverse) and Caracalla, with Aphrodite riding l. on a dolphin, Eros flying r. towards her.
Æ 27. Obv. IVLIA DOMNA AVG. Draped bust r. Rev. COL IVL CONC AVG APAM. As described above (Illustration from Bernhart).
* Bithynium-Claudiopolis in Bithynia, coins of Geta as Augustus and of Julia Paula (illustration), with Aphrodite riding l. on a hippocamp, her veil held by two Erotes.
Æ 26, 7 h, 9.69 g. Obv. IOY • KOP • ΠAVΛA • CEB. Draped bust l., the r. hand extended holding a poppy. Rev. BIΘYNIEΩN AΔPIANΩN. As described above.